THE HOPE DIAMOND, 1910
One of the world's most famous gems, the Hope Diamond is a blue cushion-shaped diamond totalling 45.52 carats. It is said that its 115.36-carat rough cut was discovered by the traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier who sold it to Louis XIV in 1668. As one of the jewels of the French crown, it disappeared in 1789 only to reappear twenty years later in England. Acquired by Sir Hope, it was bought in 1910 by Cartier who turned it into a pendant. Evalyn Walsh McLean then became the owner. It is now part of the Smithsonian Institution collections in Washington.